The tools are made of heavy-duty materials and the handles are double-dipped for added strength.

sharpen tool

You can also sharpen tool bench hand tools like saws and chisels by grinding them on a plate roller.

Woodworking hand tools

Woodworking hand tools have much thinner blades and faces, so it’s nearly impossible to grind away excess metal. Instead, woodworking hand tools are sharpened by rubbing them over a stone in a repeating pattern until they cut through a piece of paper. The pattern of strokes when sharpening hand tools is different than the stroke pattern used to grind tool bench tools.

Before you can sharpen a woodworking hand tool, you need to determine whether or not the blade or face is bent. If it’s bent, you will need to heat and bend it back into place using metal sheet and an oven.

Once the blade or face is straight, you can dull it by grinding across a stone in short strokes, about 10 strokes per inch (2.5 cm) on a stone that is about 400 grit. Next, cut paper with the tool to test its sharpness.

From there you will need to adjust the angle at which you rub it across the  stone, increasing the angle by two degrees for every extra ten degrees of sharpness you desire.

Grit Plate

To do this, grind the edge on a 400 grit plate, and then switch to a 600 grit plate. Again, cut paper with the tool to test sharpness. When the tool cuts paper cleanly you can switch to a 1000 grit plate and polish the edge. Be careful when using the polishing plate because the tools moves very quickly across the stone and it is easy to overshoot your target angle. Once you have the desired sharpness (which will typically be one or two teeth per inch for saws and between one-half and one tooth per inch for chis  els), you can strop the tool on leather to maintain the edge.


more severe

If the damage is more severe (for example, if a saw blade is bent), first heat and bend the blade into place over a metal bench block. while it is hot. Once it is in place, hammer wooden dowels across the blade to set it in position and make it as straight as possible.

Once you have the correct angle, rub the blade on the stone in short strokes in repeated parallel rows, repeating each row until the blade is sharp.

When repairing hand tools with damaged handles, consider replacing the wood with new wood, or maybe even with a different material like foam (in the case of mallets) or aluminum (clamp handles).

To attach the new material, first drill or drive a pin through the handle and into the material. Then cut and fit the material to the handle according to the shape of the original handle.

drilling holes

Finish by drilling holes for nail or screw insertion and fill the holes with wood filler. Finally, sand and paint or lacquer the handle.